To see this, we first outline the QUD framework and then raise our concern. Direct download 5 more. In his important recent book, Ethics and the Global Financial Crisis: Why Incompetence is Worse than Greed, Boudewijn de Bruin argues that a key element of the global financial crisis of — was a failure of epistemic virtue. To improve matters, then, de Bruin argues we need to focus on the acquisition and exercise of epistemic virtues, rather than to focus on a more ethical culture for banking per se.
Whilst this is an interesting suggestion and it is indeed very Instead we argue that change in this sector is best promoted by reconceiving of the relationship between financial institutions and the societies they serve, and that this is fundamentally not an epistemic but a moral issue.
Business Ethics in Applied Ethics. The aim of this paper is to explore the proper content of a formal semantic theory in two respects: first, clarifying which uses of expressions a formal theory should seek to accommodate, and, second, how much information the theory should contain. I argue that, contrary to initial impressions, they must be treated as Demonstratives, Misc in Philosophy of Language. Pronouns and Anaphora in Philosophy of Language.
Pure and Impure Indexicals in Philosophy of Language. Direct download 4 more. Unarticulated constituents are supposed to be propositional elements, not presented in the surface form of a sentence, nor explicitly represented at the level of its logical form, yet which must be interpreted in order to grasp the proper meaning of that sentence or expression. Context and Logical Form in Philosophy of Language. Direct download. Grice's distinction between what is said by a sentence and what is implicated by an utterance of it is both extremely familiar and almost universally accepted.
However, in recent literature, the precise account he offered of implicature recovery has been questioned and alternative accounts have emerged. In this paper, I examine three such alternative accounts. My main aim is to show that the two most popular accounts in the current literature still face signifi cant problems. I will then conclude by Implicature in Philosophy of Language.
In particular, I want to explore whether a formal semantic theory could, or should, take the intentional states of a speaker to be relevant in determining the literal meaning of an uttered sentence. The structure of this note is If we opt for the latter position, the question arises of what kinds of appeals to a context of utterance are legitimate given a formal outlook.
However, the conclusion I will reach is that what is characteristic of formal semantics is that it makes only the most minimal semantic concessions to context. Direct download 7 more. The mirror neuron system is widely held to provide direct access to the motor goals of others. I explore two answers to the intentional worry: first that the worry is premised on too limited an understanding of mirror neuron behaviour, second that the appeal made to mirror neurons can be refined in such a way as to avoid the worry.
1.1. The standard picture
I argue that the first response requires an account Section 4 then briefly examines refinements of the mirror neuron-mindreading hypothesis which avoid the intentional worry. I conclude that these refinements may well be plausible but that they undermine many of the claims standardly made for mirror neurons. Science of Consciousness in Philosophy of Cognitive Science. I aim to show that a semantic minimalist need not also be a semantic internalist.
- Terms and Truth: Reference Direct and Anaphoric.
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- Terms and Truth: Reference Direct and Anaphoric by Alan Berger!
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Semantics, Misc in Philosophy of Language. Direct download 10 more. Direct download 2 more. This paper examines the claim that mirror neuron activity is the mechanism by which we come to know about the action-related intentions of others, i. I agree with recent authors who reject this view but nevertheless I argue that mirror neurons may still have a role to play in the ways in which we understand one another. If we adopt a certain kind of pluralism about social cognition then the mirror neuron system could I argue for this view and consider what the approach might entail for the ontology of the mirror neuron system.
Philosophy of Neuroscience in Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Both spoke of the same state of the world, or the same refrigerator in the same condition. So, in the first case, the words said what is false of a refrigerator with but a milk puddle; in the second case they said what is true of such a refrigerator.
Context and Context-Dependence in Philosophy of Language. Ludwig Wittgenstein in 20th Century Philosophy. In 'Local pragmatics in a Gricean framework', Mandy Simons argues that, contrary to the received view, it is possible to accommodate local pragmatic effects utilising just the mechanisms for pragmatic reasoning provided by Grice. Although I agree with this overarching claim, this paper argues that we need to be careful in our understanding of 'what is said', and the nature of communicated content in general, when deciding between local and global accounts of pragmatic effects.
Philosophers often assume that folk hold pain to be a mental state — to be in pain is to have a certain kind of feeling — and they think this state exhibits the classic Cartesian characteristics of privacy, subjectivity, and incorrigibility. However folk also assign pains bodily locations: unlike most other mental states, pains are held to exist in arms, feet, etc. Recently, several authors have rejected the paradox view, arguing instead that folk hold a univocal, bodily view. This paper presents six objections to the bodily view of the folk concept of pain.
Across a series of seminal works, Ruth Millikan has produced a compelling and comprehensive naturalised account of content. This way of looking at things has significant repercussions for a number of recent debates in philosophy of language. This paper explores these repercussions through the lens of what is The idea that empathy provides an important developmental precursor to moral decision making possesses significant conceptual appeal. However, the idea of a necessary, diachronic relation between empathy and morality has been rejected recently.
Lepore and B. Smith eds , Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Carston, Robyn and Wearing, Catherine Casenhiser, Devin Caspers, Johanneke The melodic marking of question vs. Catani, Marco, Jones, Derek K. Chafe, Wallace L.
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In this book, Alan Berger further develops the new theory of reference—as formulated by Kripke and Putnam—applying it in novel ways to many philosophical problems concerning reference and existence. Berger argues that his notion of anaphoric background condition and anaphoric links within a linguistic community are crucial not only to a theory of reference, but to the analysis of these problems as well.
The book is organized in three parts. In part I, Berger distinguishes between two styles of rigid designation. Based on this distinction, he develops a theory of reference change for rigid designator terms and shows how this distinction sheds light on identity statements. In part II, he offers an account of belief attribution containing vacuous names within the belief context, of intentional identity statements, and of true negative existential statements. In part III, he analyzes anaphoric expressions i. Not just another book on consciousness! This one is about various kinds of unity and a few disunities in phenomenal experience.
Provocative claims are defended, and the presentation is lucid and engaging throughout. I especially recommend Tye's chapter on the specious present. William Rand Kenan, Jr. A major work. Berger offers an elegant examination of issues that have been in controversy for the last forty years and that have been and are being discussed by the best philosophers of language.
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